Its devolution journey is therefore one of significant importance.
It began with the abolition of Greater Manchester Council in 1986.
Importantly however, despite this, the link between the local
authorities remained strong, particularly as a result of the Association
of Greater Manchester Authorities, a voluntary association that
helped coordinate work between the local authorities of Greater
This cooperation continued and in 2009 the region became one of
the Statutory City Region pilot areas. Two years later, the Combined
Authority itself was established, alongside the Local Enterprise
Partnership. This developed into a city deal, announced in March
2012, and this solidified into a number of devolution deals:
November 2014: devolution of broad powers regarding transport,
business support, employment and skills, planning, crime and
housing (conditional on agreement to have an elected mayor).
February 2015: devolution of health and social care.
July 2015: transfer of fire and rescue responsibilities and creation of
the Greater Manchester Land Commission.
November 2015: further devolution of transport powers, social
housing powers and control over EU funding.
March 2016: devolution of criminal justice, 100 per cent business
rate retention pilot and the establishment of the GM Life Chances
November 2017: additional funding for transport, tackling
homelessness, mayoral capacity and post-16 education and training
alongside a local industrial strategy pilot.
These deals provide Greater Manchester with broad, and significant,